AL- Liqa’ Center
Board of Trustees Member


    Adnan A. Musallam , Ph.D.

    Associate Professor and Chair
    Department of Humanities

    Bethlehem University in the Holy Land – Bethlehem- PNA 

Spring / Summer 2009

Table of Contents


1. Address
Bethlehem University in the Holy Land
      Millennium Hall – 410, phone 00972-2-2741241/2/3
      Ext. # 2339
      P.O.Box 9
     West Bank, Palestinian National Authority  

(for faster mail service)
      Bethlehem University, Post Office Box 11407
      Jerusalem, 92248 

Telefax:972-2-2743934 (home)
           972-2-2741241,2,3 (work)

Mobile: 0544-879607

Fax:     972-2-2744440 / 2750133    
E-Mail: musallam@bethlehem.edu (work)  or            admusallam@yahoo.com (home)  
Bethlehem University Web Site:        www.admusallam.bethlehem.edu

2. Background and Degrees

Born and raised in Bethlehem, Palestine, The Holy Land.  Attended Frères and Terra Sancta Schools in Bethlehem until the end of 11th grade in 1962. 

High School Diploma/1963 Wabash High School, Wabash, Indiana, U.S.A.

B.A./1967 Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, (Political Science / History).

      M.A./1970 Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, (Near East Studies /History).

      And graduate work in Journalism (1971-1973), Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.

      Ph.D./1983   University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Contemporary Arabic/Islamic Thought; Contemporary History of the Arab World and the Middle East; and Contemporary Arabic Literature. 

3. Academic And Other Appointments / Bethlehem University, 1981 – Present  

* Chair, Department of Humanities, Sept. 1984 - August 1990, Sept. 1996-August 1999, September 2005- August 2009.

   * Member, University Academic Council, 1984-1990; 1996-1999; 2005 - 2009

* Member, Arts Faculty Council, 2005 – 2009.

* Member, Faculty of Arts Promotion Screening Committee, Fall 2006 – 2009.

* Member, Subject Area Teaching (SAT) Steering Committee, September 2005- 2008, and  a Supervisor, SAT/ History and Geography, Senior Students’ Seminars, Spring 2008, Spring 2009..

*Co-chair, “Turathuna” Center at Bethlehem University’s Oral History Project, March – April 2004.

*University Committee on Personnel Management, 2001.

*Chair, Committee to Establish “Turathuna”, the Center for Palestinian Heritage              at Bethlehem University,  1999 – 2000

*Dean of the Faculty of Arts, Sept.1996 - August 1999.

  *Chair, Arts Faculty Council, 1996-1999.

   *Member, University Promotion Committee, 1996-1999.

*Member, University Administrative Council 1987, 1996-1999.

*Coordinator of cooperation between Harnosands (Sweden) Folk School and   Bethlehem University, 1997 - 1999

*Acting Dean of Faculty of Arts, Feb. 1987 - August 1987.

*Editor in Chief, Bethlehem University Journal (research), 1987-1991.

4.  Courses Able To Teach

    * Oral History for Teachers / Bethlehem University 

    * History of Arabic / Islamic Civilization of Arabs and Muslims / Bethlehem University

    * History of the Contemporary Middle East / Brigham Young University / Jerusalem Center /and Bethlehem University MICAD graduate students, both in English, MICAD graduate students, University of Pavia, Italy.

    * History of the Contemporary Arab World / Bethlehem University

    * History of Arab World under the Ottomans / Bethlehem University

    * Arab/ Muslim Intellectual History (Modern) / Bethlehem University’s Cultural Studies

    * Modern Arab Thought (19th and 20th centuries) / Bethlehem University’s Cultural Studies

    * Islamic Thought and Practice (Jerusalem University College): taught to American Students, both graduates and undergraduates in English.

    * Contemporary Palestinian History / Bethlehem University in both Arabic and in English.

    * The Palestinian Problem. (Also taught Villanova University students, Notre Dame University students and Siraj Center, Beit Sahour, Summer Program) / and at Bethlehem University all in English.

    * Cultural Studies; Ancient, Middle Ages, Modern (History and texts) (Taught at Bethlehem University 1981 - 1998).

    * Palestinian Society and Culture / Bethlehem Bible College in English.

    * Beginning Modern Standard Arabic for non-native speakers (University of Michigan)

    * Conversational Spoken Arabic

    * Introductory courses in World History and Western Civilization / segments taught at Bethlehem University’s Cultural Studies courses.

    * Themes in Political Science / Bethlehem University

5.  Publications (Research and Short Articles) and Book Reviews

    A Palestinian View of Egyptian Official and Popular Stands toward the Palestinian Problem from the 1929 Buraq Uprising to the Eve of the 1987 First Intifada, Research, March 2009. Translation of two articles which appeared in Arabic in Al-Quds (East Jerusalem), 13 and 27 January 1999.  

    * “Turbulent Times in the Life of the Palestinian Arab Press: The British Era, 1917 – 1948,” Al-Liqa’ Journal, Vol. 31 (December 2008). Research. 

    * Content analysis of Europe in Palestinian upper secondary school history textbooks (Palestinian, Jordanian and Egyptian curricula), an integral part of a European project on the importance of textbooks on the knowledge of other cultures which is sponsored by Fundacion Atman, Madrid, Spain under the supervision of Professor Luigi Cajani of Italy, was completed in October 2006. A Spanish version of this European Project was published in 2008: “Cómo se presenta Europa en los libros de texto palestinos de bachillerato superior: los curriculos de Palestina, Jordania y Egipte,” translated from English by Esther Alcala Recuesda y Paloma Gonez Grespo, en Conociendo al otro: El islam y Europa en sus manuales de historia, Luigi Cajani (Director), Fundacion ATMAN y Ministerio de Educacion, Politica Social y Deporte y el Grupo Santillana, Spain, 2008, pp. 245 – 277. 

    * “From Wars to Nakbeh: Developments in Bethlehem, 1917 – 1949,” Al-Liqa’ Journal (Bethlehem / Jerusalem), Vol. 30 (July 2008). Research. 

    * “Reflection on the 60th Remembrance of the 1948 Palestinian Nakba (Disaster), Al-Liqa’ Newsletter, No. 36, June 2008, p. 8. 

    * “Sayyid Qutb, Physician Ayman Al-Zawahiri and Al-Qa‘eda: The Beginning,”  Al-Liqa’ Journal (Bethlehem / Jerusalem), Vol. 29 (December 2007), pp. 69 – 86. Research. 

    * “The June 1967 War and its Historical and Political Dimensions: Transformations in the Map of the Conflict from the Map of 4 June 1967 to the Map of 5 June 1967.”  Al-Liqa’ Quarterly Review, (Bethlehem), Vol. 22, no. 4 (2007), pp. 98-106, in Arabic. 

    * “Bethlehem and those seeking refuge in it in the first months of the 1948 Nakbeh,” (2) Juthouruna (Our Roots) (Bethlehem Melkite Catholic Church), September – November 2007, pp. 35-37, in Arabic. 

    * “Citizens from Bethlehem: From Partition to the Nakbeh (Disaster), 1947 – 1948,” (1) Juthouruna (Our Roots) (Bethlehem Melkite Catholic Church), May – June 2007, pp. 25-26, in Arabic. 

    * “The Role of Christian Assyrians and Christian Arabs in Arabic Islamic Civilization in the First Abbasid Era:  The Translation Movement and its Impact”, Al-Liqa’ Journal, Vol. 28 (August 2007). Research. 

    * "The Making of Radical Islamism and Global Jihad: The Sayyid Qutb Factor and Influence," The Journal of Humanities  (Institute of Humanities, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea), Vol. 10, December, 2006, pp 229 – 239. Research;  Al-Liqa’ Journal, Vol. 29 (December 2007), Research. 

    From Secularism to Jihad: Sayyid Qutb and the Foundations of Radical Islamism. Westwood, CT, U.S.A, Praeger Publishers (Greenwood Publishing Group), 30 October 2005.           

    (See, for example, a book review by Bruce B. Lawrence of Duke University in The American Historical Review, Vol. 111, No. 3, June 2006;  Jeffrey M. Bale, “Deciphering Islamism and Terrorism,” The Middle East Journal, Vol. 60, no. 4. Autumn 2006. 277-788. John C. Zimmerman, “Jihad, Theory and Practice: A Review Essay,” Terrorism & Political Violence, Vol. 19, no. 2 Summer 2007, pp. 279-287). Alistair Crooke, Journal of Islamic Studies, Vol. 18, no. 3 (Sept. 2007), pp. 463-466. Ikhwanweb.com (Sunday, Sept. 23, 2007). 

    * My plans call for the completion of a “Trilogy” of  radical Islamism. In addition to my published work on Sayyid Qutb, research will be focused on those thinkers who were influenced by Qutb.  They include Palestinian global jihadist in Afghanistan, Dr. Abdallah ‘Azzam, and Egyptian radical and global jihadist Physician Ayman Al-Zawahiri of Al-Qa‘eda. Research. 

    * "Inherent Weakness in Palestinian – Israeli Relations and Palestinian and Arab Peaceful Intentions, 1988 – Present,"  Ali-Liqa' Journal, Vol. 27 (December 2006). 

    * "Oral History and Human Dimension: The Oral History Collection at Bethlehem University" Haq Al-'Awdah (The Right of Return), BADIL, Bethlehem, Year 4, December 2006. 

    * "Inherent Weakness in Palestinian – Israeli Relations, 1993 – Present," FFIPPI News (Faculty for Israeli – Palestinian Peace International), Winter 2006, pp. 6-7. Visit www.FFIPP.org 

    *      “25 January 2006 Palestinian Legislative Elections,” Al-Liqa’ Newsletter, No. 32, June 2006. 

    * A monthly column on Palestinian, Arab and Middle Eastern Affairs to the South Korean daily HANKORYEH, June 2005 – April 2006. 

    • The Palestinian Situation in a Balance.

    • Egypt’s Quest for Democracy: Between the September 2005 Presidential Elections and the November 2005 Parliamentary Elections.

    • Islamist in Egypt between a Bloody Past and a Promising Future .

    • Israeli Unilateral Disengagement from the Gaza Strip between the Determination of Sharon and the Joy and Fear of Palestinians: What Lies Ahead?

    • The Islamic Republic of Iran between the Era of Reformist President Mohammad Khatimi (1997 – 2005) and the Era of Hardliner President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (2005 – Present)

    • Al-Qa‘eda: From Holy Warriors in Afghanistan in the 1980’s to a worldwide network at the present.

    • HAMAS’ sweeping victory on the 25th of January 2006.

    • HAMAS between a Sweeping Electoral Victory and the Burdents of Authority.

    *      “Arab Press, Society and Politics at the end of the Ottoman Era,” Al-Liqa’ Journal Vol. 25 (December 2005). Research. 

    * “An Arab Perspective of the Formative Stages of ‘Globalization’ and their Impact on the Arab East (Al-Mashreq),” Al-Liqa Journal, Vol. 24 (August 2005).  This is a slightly revised English version of an earlier study on Globalization in Arabic. Research. 

    * “Radical / Jihadist Islamism and Global Jihad, 1964 – Present: The Impact of Sayyid Qutb,”  in The Proceedings of the Third International Conference for Century 21 Middle Eastern and Islamic Civilization Project,  The Korea Research Foundation, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, South Korea, 26 March 2005, pp. 13 – 43. Research. 

    * “On the Thorny Road Towards a Peaceful Resolution of the Palestinian – Israeli Conflict, 1967 – 2002: A Palestinian Perspective”, The American Publication LOGOS (Journal of society and culture), Winter 2004. (available online). And see Al-Liqa’ Journal, Vol. 26 (June 2006), pp. 184-197. 

    Folded Pages from Local Palestinian History in the 20th Century: Developments in Politics, Society, Press and Thought in Bethlehem in the British Era, 1917 – 1948, Bethlehem, WIAM Conflict Resolution Center, 2002 (In both English and Arabic). Research. 

    * “Palestinian Discourse on the Arab-Israeli Conflict and the Prospects for Healing and Reconciliation”, in the Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of Korean Association of the Middle East Studies, Seoul, Korea: (The Middle East War and Peace), October 26 – 28, 2001.  

    In Search of Self in a Disturbed World: The Life and Thought of Islamic Ideologue Sayyid Qutb, 1906-1966, Jerusalem Emerzian Printing and Publishing, 2000. (in Arabic). Research. 

    * "Christian Palestinian Arabs and the Palestinian Problem in the Late Ottoman Period, 1882-1918," in Proceedings of the 8th Conference on Theology and the Local Church in the Holy Land, (in Arabic) July 13-15, 1995, Jerusalem, 1996; and in Al-Liqa’ Journal, Vol. 14, 15 (December 2000) (in English). Research. 

    * “Emigration: Bethlehem’s Challenge in the Third Millennium”, The Jerusalem Times Weekly, 3 November 2000.  

    * “The Volatile Politics of Jerusalem”, The Jerusalem Times, 27 October 2000. Appeared earlier in Dutch “Jeruzalem, een Chriesteligk – Palestijnse visie op een explosieve situatie”, in Jeruzalem: stad van vrede, vrede voor de stad, Pax Christi, Uitgeverij, KOK Kampen, 2000  

    * “Globalization & The Arab East: An Historical Reading”, in Globalization & Identity: Papers of the Fourth Scientific Conference, 4-6 May 1998, edited by Saleh Abu Osba, Izzideen Al-Manasrah and Mohammad Obeidallah, Amman, Jordan, Philadephia University Publications, 1999 (in Arabic). See also Al-Liqa quarterly review, year 20 (#3 and 4), 2005. Research. 

    * Bethlehem, Palestine’s Cultural Identity An Integral Part of Palestinian Arab Collective Identity: A Palestinian Historical Perspective, Al-Liqa’ Journal, Vol. 13 (October 1999). Research. 

    * “Egyptian Official and Popular Attitudes toward the Palestinian Problem, 1929-1987”, Al-Quds daily (East Jerusalem), 13 and 27 January ,1999.  Two featured articles (in Arabic).  Research. 

    * “Sayyid Qutb’s view of  Islam, Society and Militancy”, Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies (Villanova University), Vol 22, #1 (Fall 1998). Research. 

    * “Palestinian Identity: A Historical Perspective,” Feature/article/ The Jerusalem Times, 2 January 1998. 

    * Editor, Proceedings of the “Workshop on Pluralism, multiculturalism and nation-state Building” held in Bethlehem 4-5 Dec. 1998. 

    * “The Bethlehem Nativity Boy Scouts and (Al-Kashshaf) Bulletin, 1934-1937,” Al-Amal Scouting Bulletin, Terra Santa School, January 1998. in Arabic. 

    * “Christian Arab Emigration and the Land,” Al-Liqa Journal, Vols 9/10 June/Dec. 1997. 

    Sayyid Qutb: The Emergence of the Islamicist, 1939-1950.  Second Edition Jerusalem, PASSIA The Palestinian Academic, Society for the Study of International Affairs, December 1997. Research. 

    * “Bethlehem’s First Experiment in Journalism, Bayt Lahm, 1919-1921,” Al-Liqa’ (Jerusalem) quarterly review, Sana 12 no.4, 1997 (in Arabic). Research. 

    * “Oral History: The Power of the Personal Narratives”, Feature/Interview, The Jerusalem Times, 10 Oct. 1997. 

    * “Palestinian People and Oral History”, interview, Al-’Awdah (Jerusalem), 16 Sept. 1997 (in Arabic). 

    * Co-editor with Geries Khoury and Mousa Darwish,  an anthology on Jerusalem, Al-Quds: Dirasat Filastiniyya Islamiyya wa-Masihiyya, (Jerusalem: Muslim and Christian Palestinian Studies), Jerusalem, Al-Liqa' Center, 1996.  (In Arabic). 

    * Commentary on Dr. Marwan Abu Khalaf’s lecture on “Architectural Ornaments and their Elements under the Omayyads in Jerusalem”, in Proceedings of Study Day commemorating the Jerusalemite Scholar Dr. Kamel Al-Assaly, and the Question of Jerusalem, PASSIA, 1996 (in Arabic). 

    * "Nationalism and Religion: The role of Christian Arabs in the making of Arab nationalism in the formative stages", Acts of a Muslim-Christian Colloquium, Amman, Jordan, 18-20 January 1994, organized jointly by the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue (Vatican City) and the Royal Academy for Islamic Civilization Research (Al-Albeit Foundation, Amman), Rome 1994; and in Al-Liqa Journal, vol.6 (Feb. 1996), both in English. Research. 

    * "The Formative Stages of Palestinian Emigration to the Americas, 19th Century to 1948," in The Emigration Problem, Al-Liqa Center, Jerusalem, 1991 (in Arabic), and Al-Liqa Journal, Vol.2 (Dec, 1992) (In English). Bayt Lahm (Antonian Society Annual Review), 1993-1996.  (in Arabic). Research. 

    * The Case of the forced eviction of the people of Kufur Bur'um and the leadership of Maronite Father Yousuf Istifan Susan (1907-1987)," Al-Liqa'  (Jerusalem), 9 (2) 1994 (in Arabic). 

    * "Sayyid Qutb and Social Justice, 1945-1948" Journal of Islamic Studies (Oxford), January 1993; & Al-Liqa Journal, Vol. 4 (Dec. 1994) Research. 

    * "Badr and Ibrahim Lama: Arab Film Pioneers from Palestine  1927-1952". Bayt Lahm annual review, 1990-1991; and al-Watan (Bethlehem), Summer 1994 (in Arabic). Research. 

    * "Futuristic vision of Palestinian Democracy and the Palestinian Declaration of Independence, " in Proceedings of the Workshop on Democracy, Panorama, Jerusalem, 25-26 May, 1992 (in Arabic); also in al-Quds (Jerusalem) daily, 15.11.93 and al-Sunnarah (Nazareth) 15.11.93 (in Arabic). 

    * "Prelude to Islamic Commitment: Sayyid Qutb's Literary and Spiritual Orientation, 1932 - 1938 ," The Muslim World (Hartford, Conn), July/October 1990. Research. 

    * "Study of local Palestinian press under occupation: The case of Bethlehem's press 1919 - 1987," Bethlehem University Journal, Vol. 7 - 8 (August 1989) (in Arabic). Research. 

    * "On the introduction of printing technology in the Arab World", Al-Liqa' 2(3) 1987, (in Arabic). Research. 

    * Series of feature articles on the history of the Palestinian press during Ottoman and British periods in Al-Fajr English language weekly, Jerusalem, November-December 1987. Research. 

    * Co-author with others a document on “Theology and the local Church in the Holy Land ” (Palestinian contextualized theology), Al-Liqa’ Center, Bethlehem / Jerusalem, 1987. 

    * "On Bethlehem's Cultural Leader Issa Bandak", Al-Liqa', 2 (1) 1986 (in Arabic). 

    * “The  Role of Christian Arabs in Arab/Islamic civilization in the First Abbasid Period: translation movement from Syriac” in Proceedings of the 4th Conference of the Arab Heritage for Christians and Muslims, Tantur, Jerusalem, Aug. 28-30, 1986. (in Arabic). Research. 

    * "Palestine Arab Press Developments under British Rule with a Case Study of Bethlehem's Sawt al-Sha'b, 1922 - 1939," Bethlehem University Journal, Vol.5 (August 1986). Research. 

    * "Bethlehem, Palestine under the British, 1917 - 1923," Bethlehem University Journal, Vol.3 (August 1984). Research. 

Book Reviews

    Al-Liqa' (in Arabic), year 2 (1) 1986; 2 (2) 1986, 1987; 2 (3) 1987; 3 (1) 1988; 6 (4) 1991; 7 (1) 1992; 7 (3) 1992; 7 (4) 1992; 8 (3) 1993; 9 (1) 1994; 10 (1) 1995; 11(3) 1996; 12 (2) 1997; 13 (1&2) 1998; 18 (4) 2003; 19 (1 and 2) and (3 and 4), 2004. 20 (1 and 2) 2005 and 20 (3 and 4) 2005. 

    Al-Liqa' Journal (in English), Vol.5 (July 1995); 9/10 (June/Dec/ 1997); 13 (Oct. 1999); 16/17 (July / December 2001); 25 (December 2005), 31 (December 2008). 

    Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions (London: Rutledge – Taylor and Francis), Vol. 8, Issue 3 & 4 (September 2007)

    Controversial Radical Islamist Sayyid Qutb and the Concepts of “Jahiliyyah” (Paganism) and “Hakimiyyah” (God’s Rule on Earth)

    review article of

    Sayed Khatab, The Political Thought of Sayyid Qutb: The Theory of Jahiliyyah (2006)


    Sayed Khatab, The Power of Sovereignty: The Political and Ideological Philosophy of Sayyid Qutb (2006)

    See also Al-Liqa’ Journal, Vol. 31, December 2008. 

6. Interfaith and other Dialogues, 1983 – Present 

    * The Cardinal Martini Leadership Institute at Bethlehem University. Leadership Forum for the Executive Council, Deans, Directors and Chairs, Jericho (PNA), 29-30 November 2008.


    The Christian-Muslim Dialogue Conference organized annually by Al-Liqa’ Center for Heritage & Religious Studies in the Holy Land, Jerusalem/Bethlehem, 1983-2008. (20 conferences). I serve on the committee that organizes this annual conference.   

    The Palestinian Contextualized Theology Conference, 1987-2009 (16 conferences); organized by Al-Liqa' Center, Bethlehem/Jerusalem. I am one of the founders and organizers of this annual conference. 

    * A lecture on “The Christian Community and Emigration” given to Professor Dror Zeevi’s class, Ben-Gorion University, 16 July 2008. 

    * “Globalization and its Cultural impact on Palestinian Society,” in The 20th Session of the Christian – Muslim Dialogue Conference titled “Palestinian Reality: Worries and Challenges.” Al-Liqa Center, Bethlehem, 12th July 2008. 

    * “Christian-Muslim Relations: Exploring the Middle East and the West,” A three-day conference at Bethlehem University 5 – 7 September 2007. I moderated three presentations in session #2 including Palestinian Christian identity, co-existence with Muslims (by young people), and teaching Christianity and Islam at Bethlehem University. 

    * “The 1967 War: The Historical and Political Dimensions,” a lecture delivered at the 19th session of the Christian – Muslim Dialogue Conference, Al-Liqa’ Center, Bethlehem, 21 June 2007. 

    * Peace Research Institute in the Middle East (PRIME): First International Seminar on the Israeli-Palestinian Textbooks (historical narratives): Workshops were held in East Jerusalem. Preliminary drafts of Learning Each Other’s Historical Narrative: Palestinians and Israelis, Part 1 (2003) and Part 2 (2005)and Part 3 (2007) were published.  In addition, the three parts are being revised and integrated in one final book along with a teacher’s guide. I served as a facilitator for the Palestinian high school teachers (March 2002- August 2007). 

    * I was invited by the Georg Eckert Institute in Braunschweig, Germany to attend  seminars for Palestinian and Israeli high school history teachers which revolved around the bi-national history textbook “Learning Each Other’s Historical Narrative: Israelis and Palestinians” which the Peace Research Institute in the Middle East (PRIME) sponsors. I served as a facilitator for the Palestinian history teachers. 2nd to the 6th of August 2004, 8th to 12th of August 2005; 23rd to 29th July 2007. 

    * “Obstacles and opportunities: Is there still Hope for Peace with Justice between Israel and Palestine”, a lecture tour of American universities campuses (Smith College, 20/21 October 2003, University of Massachusetts, 22 October 2003, and Ithaca College 29 October 2003). Sponsored by Faculty of Israeli Palestinian Peace (FFIPP). I coordinated FFIPP’s delegations’ visits to the Bethlehem and Hebron areas, 2003, 2004, 2005.  

    * Seeking to understand each other’s Discourse: Palestinian-Israeli faculty and student encounters led by faculty members from Bar Ilan and Bethlehem, school year 2000–2001.  Sponsored by the Konrad Adenauer Foundation. First meeting was held on 24 September 2000. 

    * Workshop on academic exchange with the University of Oldenburg (Germany), held at the University of Haifa’s Center for Multiculturalism, Haifa, 28 – 30 May 2000. Bethlehem – Haifa – Oldenburg group held a follow-up workshop in Oldenburg, 11 – 14 September 2000. 

    * “Building democracy in developing world,” a lecture presented to Palestinian, Swedish and Israeli graduate students associated with University of Gutenburg (Sweden)’s Peace College Project in Jerusalem, 20 April 2000. 

    * Meeting of the national coordinators of the MEDA-Democracy program “Two conflicts, four countries: Teachers work with students on the respect for human rights,” which is coordinated by University of Athens’ Thalia Dragmas. Bogazici University, Istanbul, 11th,12th July 1998. Follow up meetings in Fall 1998 and Spring 1999 with local teachers as well as joint Palestinian Israeli meetings in 1999,and study days in Mermaras, Turkey, 5 - 8 Aug. 1999.


    * The Seminar: “Peace Game ‘99: Crisis Avoidance through Conflict Prevention,” organized by the Jordan Institute of Diplomacy, the Jordanian Armed Forces and UNESCO, April 4-5, 1999, Amman, Jordan. I Spoke on “Conflict Prevention in an Information Age.” 

    * Organized with Professor Majed Al-Haj of Haifa University a joint Palestinian-Israeli workshop on “Pluralism/Multi culturalism and Nation -State Building.” Held in Bethlehem on 4 and 5 December 1998. Proceedings have been published. 

    * Workshop in Germany on setting up on Israeli / Palestinian (PRIME) Peace Research Institute Middle East sponsored by Peace Research Institute Frankfurt, Germany, (1) 12-15 March 1998, (2) 8 August 1998.  

    * Workshop on “Conflict Resolution in the Middle East”, 19-20 Oct. 1997, Marmara University Research Center for International Relations, Istanbul, Turkey. I gave a paper on “Prospects for healing and reconciliation in the Arab-Israeli Conflict”. 

    * Workshop on Palestinian and Israeli historical narratives and “Youth and History” Project, met in October 1997, March 1998, and May 1998. Encounter between Israeli and Palestinian educators. 

    * Workshop on (healing) in the Israeli-Palestinian, Conflict.  The Hebrew University’s Harry S. Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace and Wi’am Conflict Resolution Center, Bethlehem, June 20-21, 1997 in Bethlehem.  I gave a brief paper on a Palestinian view of the Arab-Israeli conflict.  Met on several occasions in 1997, 1998 and 1999. 

    * University of Haifa's International Workshop to prepare for an International Symposium: Social Sciences in the Service of Peace  19-20 Dec. 1996, Haifa.  And workshop on 4 November 1997 where I gave a presentation on “Education for Peace and the Palestinian Curriculum”. 

    International Workshop on Collective Identities and Communities in the Middle East, Ben-Gurion University of Negev, Dept. of Middle East History. I presented a paper on the emergence of collective Arab identity and the role of Christian Arabs.  Met every Tuesday, March-June 1995. 

    * Al-Liqa' Center's Palestinian Young People's Conference, Aiya Napa, Cyprus, Sept. 1995. I was a group leader and gave a lecture on history of Christian Muslim relations. 

    * Interfaith Dialogue/Al-Liqa' Center and the Israel Interfaith Association, Jerusalem.  Christian-Muslim-Jewish Dialogue in light of peace developments.  Jerusalem Dec. 1994; June 1995; Feb. 1998; and Sept. 2000. 

    * Muslim-Christian Workshop, "Nationalism today: problems and challenges" organized jointly by the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue (the Vatican) and the Royal Academy for Islamic Civilization Research (AL Albeit Foundation), 18-20 January 1994, Amman, Jordan.  I presented a paper on Christian Arabs and Arab nationalism. 

    * World Conference on Religion and Peace (WCRP) Tokyo and Kyoto, Japan, Nov. 5 - Nov. 12, 1992.  I was invited with other Palestinians , both Christians and Muslims form Al-Liqa' Center, to join Jordanians, Lebanese, and Israelis to discuss the role of religion in peace making in the Arab-Israeli conflict. 

    * Middle East Council of Churches (MECC) and World Council of Churches (WCC), Urban Rural Mission; Workshop on Spiritual Approaches and Principles in Working with the Marginalized, Ayia Napa, Cyprus, 7 – 14 October, 2002. I gave a presentation on the Palestinian situation. 

    International Symposium, The Evangelical Lutheran Christmas Church's International Center, Bethlehem, Oct. 1-8, 1995.  I presented a paper on the role of the Christian Arabs in the Modern History of the Middle East. 

7. Recent Conferences, Seminars, Workshops, Lectures, Sponsored Visits, etc... 1995 – Present 

    * Workshop, Riwaya Museum / Bethlehem Peace Center; Jericho 29-31 March, 2009. 

    * Workshop on “The History of Palestine,” for the Touristic Sector and Palestinian National Authority Employees, The Tourism Research Institute – Palestine, Saturday, 24 of January 2009, Santa Maria Hotel, Bethlehem. 

    * “The Continuous Bleeding of the Phenomenon of Emigration from the City of Bethlehem, The Holy Land and its Reflections,” in the II Seminar, “The Star of Bethlehem”, Bethlehem and the International Historic Cities for the Cause of Peace, (Italian – Palestinian) The Bethlehem Peace Center, Bethlehem, 20 – 22 December 2008. 

    * Workshop on “Riwaya Museum – Bethlehem” by Studio Azzurro Project (Milano – Italy), 22 December 2008, The Bethlehem Peace Center, Bethlehem. 

    * “In Search of Stability and Opportunities: Early Palestinian Immigration to Latin America, Problems Encountered and Implications,” a presentation at a panel on Palestinians Diaspora, Conference on Middle East Studies, College of Arts and Humanities, California State University, Fresno, October 16 – 18, 2008. 

    * A lecture on “The Problems of the Touristic Sector and its Management in the Historic City of Bethlehem,” In the Extraordinary Conference of the League of Historical Cities of the World: Touristic Management of World Heritage, Monuments and Cities, Lugo (Galicia, Spain), 23 September 2008. 

    * Teaching Al-Nakbah at University Level,” a lectured delivered at Sixty years of Al-Nakbah: Teaching and Learning Al-Nakbah in Schools Multi Perspective Forum, The Fourth Educator’s Forum, August 17, 2008, Talitha Kumi School, Beit Jala, PNA. 

    * UNESCO sponsored tour of northern Italian multi-media museums by members of the Scientific Committee of the Bethlehem Museum of History, The Bethlehem Peace Center, Bethlehem, July 19 – July 25, 2008. 

    * “Sayyid Qutb, Physician Ayman Al-Zawahiri and Al-Qa‘eda: The Beginning,” a paper delivered at the 13th Annual Sorel Workshop / A Different Approach to Debates on Political Islam, Micro-Level studies, 4th June 2008, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Department of Middle East Studies. 

    * “Radical Islamist Sayyid Qutb’s Early Discourse on Sufism: A Preliminary Examination,” a lecture read at The University of Haifa’s Conference on Islamic Fundamentalism and Sufism: Continuities and Confrontations through Modernity and Globalization, Haifa, Israel, July 1-4, 2007. 

    * “Bethlehem University History Students’ Oral History Collection,” paper read at the Tale, A Heritage for Tomorrow: The Role of Libraries Seminars. Furno Hall, Bethlehem University, 5 April 2008.  

    * “Palestinian Diaspora: The Roots and the Problems,” two lectures delivered (1) at Beit Sahur Cultural Diwan Moderated by Professor Qustandi Shomali, 22 February 2007; (2) at Beit Jala Municipality, moderated by Dr. Muna Matar,  28 April 2007; and a Bethlehem 2000 Radio interview, 9 June 2007; and Bethlehem’s PNN Radio interview, 16 August 2008. 

    * "The Making of Radical Islamism and Global Jihad: The Sayyid Qutb Factor and Influence," was read in The 2006 International Conference of the Institute of Humanities of Kyung Hu University (Muslim Communities in Western Europe and the Middle East), Seoul, South Korea, December 2, 2006. 

    * I presented a research paper entitled "The Palestinian Diaspora in Latin America: The Formative Stages," to the Colombo-Arab and Arab-Latin American Cultural Encounter Convention, Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, 23 November 2006; and another paper entitled "Inherent Weakness in Palestinian-Israeli Relations and Palestinian and Arab Peaceful Intentions, 1988 – Present," 24 November 2006. 

    * My research paper entitled "Arab Intellectuals and the Challenges of Western Civilization in the 20th Century: The Formative Cultural and Political Discourse of Sayyid Qutb, 1933-1954," was read in the Arab American University of Jenin's Conference on Arab and Islamic Nationalist Thought and the Challenges of the Present, Ramallah The West Bank, Palestine, 15 November 2006. 

    Academic Leadership Development for Deans and Department Chairs of Bethlehem University , March 21, 22 amd 23, 2006. Presented by Professor Andrew J. Winnick of California State University, Los Angeles and Odysseus Consulting Services of California in collaboration with Universita Catholico del Sacro Cuore, Milano, Italy. 

    Educators’ Forum on Education, Democracy, Identity and Conflict, July 4-15, 2005 Faculty of Education, Bethlehem University.  I presented a lecture, which was followed by group discussions, on “Highlights and Perspective: The Modern History of Palestine,” on Wednesday July 5th, 2005. 

    * “Radical / Jihadist Islamism and Global Jihad, 1964 – Present: The Impact of Sayyid Qutb,”  in The Proceedings of the Third International Conference for Century 21 Middle Eastern and Islamic Civilization Project,  The Korea Research Foundation, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, South Korea, 26 March 2005, pp. 13 – 43. 

    * Gave a general lecture on Palestine and the Palestinian – Israeli conflict in the Post-Arafat Era at Kyung Hee University in Seoul, South Korea on the 25th of March 2005. 

    * I moderated a panel on the auto-biography of Bethlehem’s native Jabra Ibrahim Jabra as seen in his novel “The First Well” (al-Bi’r al-Ula) which was part of a scholarly conference on Jabra Ibrahim Jabra, 28-29 August 2004, which took place at Bethlehem University. 

    * I participated in “Opening Horizons: A Dutch (IKU) Palestinian (AEI) Educators Seminar, 14 May, 2004.  I spoke on “Oral history and Self-Image of Palestinians in Palestinian Education: My Project with Bethlehem University History Students”. 

    * I gave a lecture to Dutch (IKU) College students, 5 May 2004, concerning the partition of Palestine, 1937-Present.  

    * Seminar on “Eye-witness to Genocide: British, Danish and Italian Accounts of the Armenian Genocide”, Armenian Seminary Auditorium, Jerusalem, 13 June 2002. I presented a paper on the British account: “The Blue Book: The Viscount Bryce and Arnold Toynbee’s Report, 1916”. 

    The Fourth International Symposium for cooperation Among Historic Cities of the Mediterranean, March 1-3, 2000 The Bethlehem Peace Center, Bethlehem, Palestine.  I presented a paper titled “The strangulation of Historic Cities:  The case of the Bethlehem Area, Palestine under Israeli Hegemony.” 

    Workshop on International Humanitarian Law, organized by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the Palestinian Ministry of Higher Education, 19, 20, 21 February 2000 in Ramallah, Palestine. 

    Bethlehem Memories 1937: A Utopian Solution to the Palestinian Problem.  The case of Anton Yaqub al-’Ama (Lama) and the Esperantine State or United Jordan.  A lecture given at Wi’am Palestinian Conflict Resolution Center, Bethlehem on 22 April 1999, also see the scout publication, Nusour al-Mahd (Eagles of the Nativity), 5 March 2006. 

    * The Second Palestinian Geographical Conference, Al-Quds University, Jerusalem, 26-28 April 1999 titled “The Palestinian State: Elements and Components”. I spoke on the Palestinian Declaration of State, 15 November 1988 and its significance to the newly emerging Palestinian state. 

    * Philadelphia University, Jordan, Faculty of Arts.  4th International Conference, 4-6 May 1998, on Arab Culture and “Globalization”. I presented a paper on the historical roots of “Globalization” and its consequences on the Arab East. 

    Conference on Future Palestinian-Egyptian Economic Relations, March 19-21, 1995, Cairo, Egypt, organized jointly by the Friedrich-Nauman-stiftung, the Center for Palestine Research Studies, Nablus, Ayn Shams University, Cairo, and Al-Ahram Economic Magazine. 

8. Honors And Fellowships 

    * Bethlehem University Internal Research Grant, 2007 – 2008 (world War I oral history).

    * Visiting Scholar and Lecturer, Harnosands (Sweden) Folkhogskola, 31 Jan.99 - 7 Feb.99.

    * Bethlehem University Internal Research Grant, 1997-1998.

    * Visiting Scholar, Faculty of Law /Political Science, University of Reims (Champagne), France, May 1997. MED-Campus Program.

    * Ten-year Service Award 1985-1995, Al-Liqa quarterly review Editorial Board, Al-Liqa' Center, Jerusalem.

    * Visiting Scholar, Celtic Studies and Irish Folklore Faculty, University College Dublin, Sponsored by the Irish Friends of Bethlehem University to study the Irish oral archives, January 1994.

    * Faculty research grant, Bethlehem University, 1988 - 1989.

    * Dissertation grant, University of Michigan, 1980 - 1981.

    * Teaching Fellow, Near Eastern Studies, University of Michigan, 1979 - 1981, 1982 - 1983.

    * Near Eastern Studies, Summer Fellowship, University of Michigan, 1979.

    * United States Navy Achievement Medal, 1977.

    * Near East Dept fellowship, Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind., 1968 - 1969.

    * Wabash, Indiana Rotary Club Exchange Student (1962-1963); and scholarship recipient, 1963-1965. Key to the City of Wabash from the late Mayor J. Robert Mitten (1963). 

9.  Professional Societies 

    * Sigma Delta Chi Professional Journalistic Society, Indiana University, 1972.

    * A founding member of the Palestinian Historical Studies Association, 1987-1995  And President of the Association, 1995-1997.

10. Other Publishing Activities

    * International Editorial Board, Compass: Political Religions, (John Wiley & Sons – Blackwell Publishing), May 2008 – Present.

    * Executive Editorial Board, Al-Liqa' Journal (research), in English, 1992 -Present. Executive Editor, 1997-Present.

    * Executive Editor, Al-Liqa' Center's Newsletter in English, 1989 - Present.

    * Editorial Board, Al-Liqa' quarterly review, in Arabic 1985 - Present. 

    * Member, Editorial Board, FFIPPI Newsletter, Faculty for Israeli Palestinian Peace International, 2006 – 2008.

    * Editorial Board, Palestinian Journal for Historical Studies, 1996-1997, 1999- 2000.

    * Bethlehem University Silver Jubilee Committee on Publications, 1997-1998.

    * Editorial Board, Bethlehem University Journal (research), in Arabic, English, 1985 - 1993: Editor in Chief, 1987-1991; Managing editor, 1986-1987, 1992-1993.

    * Editor in Chief, Bayt Laham annual review (The Antonian Society), in Arabic, 1989-1991, 1996,1998. 

11.  Community Service Activities

    * Scientific Committee member of the UNESCO sponsored Riwaya Museum Bethlehem, Bethlehem Peace Center, Bethlehem, May 2008 – Present.

    * Al-Liqa' Center for Religious and Heritage Studies in the Holy Land, Bethlehem / Jerusalem. Member of Board of Trustees and Executive committee, 1988- present. Prior to that active in “Christianity in the Holy Land” Program and “the Christian-Muslim Dialogue Conference”, in Tantur, Jerusalem 1982-1987.

    *     Member, Board of Trustees and Administrative Committee, Jerusalem Swedish Society's Good Shepherd School in Bethlehem/Beit Jala, August 2003-Present.

    * Bethlehem University representative to the Abraham Path Initiative, an international project sponsored by the Global Negotiation Project of Harvard Law School with the goal of  opening tourist routes in the footsteps of the Prophet Abraham… from Harran, Turkey to Abraham’s Tomb in Hebron. November 2006 – August 2007. Researching and writing for a project  on major locations of the Abraham Path, Nablus to Ramallah, June – July 2008.

    * Member, Board of Trustees, “Museum of History of the City of Bethlehem” of the Arab Women’s Union, Bethlehem, August 2006- Present.

    * Member, Board of Trustees, ARIJ (Applied Research Institute, Jerusalem), 1998-Present & Executive Committee member, 1999-2001, 2004 - Present.

    * A founding member and member of Board of Trustees, PASSIA, Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs, Jerusalem, 1987-Present.

    * Member, Board of Trustees, Tent of Nations (Land threatened by Israeli confiscation), September 2005 – Present.

    * The Antonian Charitable Society, Bethlehem.  Administrative Committee member 1985-1996 and Vice President, 1987 - 1996. Society runs the Antonian Home for the Elderly and other charitable activities in the Latin Parish of Bethlehem. Elected for membership in the Society's Board, July 2003-Present.

    * A founder and member of the Friends of Bethlehem’s native Jabra Ibrahim Jabra, 1996 – 2004.  One of the organizers of the First Local Book Exhibition and Cultural Activities, the Bethlehem Peace Center, Bethlehem, February 2004.

    * Member, General Assembly (and Finance Monitor), The Palestinian Human Rights and  Monitoring Group, Jerusalem, December 1999-2000.

    * Bethlehem correspondent for Newsletter of the Bethlehem Association in the United States, 1985 - 1991.

    * Member, Municipality of Bethlehem's Bimillennium Celebrations, Bethlehem 2000 Committee, 1995-1997.

    *      Talks and lectures to international visitors, study groups and tourists concerning both the Palestinian situation and the Christian Arab Community.

    * Talks and lectures to local organizations concerning national and local issues.

12. Research Oriented Activities: undergraduates, and graduates

    1999   M.A. Thesis Reader, Randa Mrebe’s Arab Greek Struggles in the Eastern Orthodox Church in the first half of the 20th century, Bir Zeit University Graduate Studies, History Dept.

    2000   M.A. Thesis Reader, Shehadeh Ar-Rajabi’s “The Jewish Community in Hebron (1917-1929),” An-Najah University Graduate Studies, History Dept.

*           2003      Evaluation of the writings of an applicant for promotion to associate   

             professor in History, Al-Quds  Jerusalem University, Jerusalem

2007  External Thesis Reader, MICAD M.A. Program, Bethlehem University

2008  Supervisor, Senior research for graduating seniors, Bethlehem

      University, SAT Program, Rawan Hawwash and Moh’d Mheissein’s

      “Ottoman History In The 9th Grade Palestinian Curriculum,” May 2008.

2008 Thesis Reader, MICAD M.A. Program, Bethlehem University, Chiara

      Fantini’s “The Other Refugees: The Sudanese Refugees in Israel.”

2009 Supervisor, Senior research for graduating seniors, Bethlehem University,

    SAT Program. (Six senior students, two each project) 

13. Secondary School Social Studies Curriculum Related Activities 

    * In cooperation between the Faculty of Education and the Department of Humanities a joint History / Geography major for 5th to 10th grades teachers was developed and approved by both the University Executive and Academic Councils as well as the Palestinian Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research consequently in 2005. In September 2005 the new major commenced. I coordinate the History segment of the new major. As the Chairperson of Humanity, I serve on the committee that oversees the new Subject Area Teaching (SAT) major.   In addition, I teach the following courses in the new major: History of Islamic Civilization, the Arabs under the Ottomans, Contemporary Arab History and Oral History.  In Spring 2008 I began supervising senior research seminars for graduating seniors. I did that as well in Spring 2009. 

    Arab Immigrant Experience in America. (A module for outreach programs) Center for Near Eastern and North African studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1981. (done while working on my doctorate at the University of Michigan). 

14. Personal Research Collection 

    admusallam.bethlehem.edu (2007 – Present), is a personal website that focuses on Bethlehem, the Holy Land: My Hometown. It is a collection of articles / research oriented by the author and other colleagues.  This website covers various aspects of Bethlehem’s history and culture, as well as a faculty profile and online articles by the author. 

    * Adnan Ayyub Musallam's Collection on Bethlehem, The Holy Land's Modern History with special emphasis on Intellectual and Press Developments under British, Jordanian and Israeli Administrations, 1917 - 1980.

    (Microfilm collection housed at the University of Michigan Graduate Library, Ann Arbor, Mich, and copies distributed to several institutions in the Middle East: The Institute of Palestine Studies, Beirut, The University of Jordan, Amman, and Bethlehem University, Bethlehem). 

    * Private Collection on Bethlehem + above-mentioned Microfilm collection at Bethlehem University Library/Palestinian a Division / Turathuna. 

    * In the process of compiling and computerizing an oral archival collection on Palestinian historical memory of the 20th century known as Palestinian Oral History Collection by Adnan Musallam’s  Bethlehem University History Students, 1993-Present. Bethlehem University Library’s Audio-Visual Department began to establish a database for this collection in August 2008. I began researching and writing for an internal research (Bethlehem University) project on World War I Memories, 2007-2008. 

15. Employment History (Full-Time and Part-Time) 

    Bethlehem University, full-time, 1981 – 1982, 1983 – 2009.

    * Taught segments of (MICAD511 – Middle East Issues) dealing with contemporary History of the Middle East for the MICAD (Master in International Cooperation and Development) Consortium, Bethlehem University Faculty of Business Administration,  December 2005 – February 2006, February – March 2007, January – February 2008., January-February 2009.  April 2009 – I Taught the same course to graduate MICAD students at the University of Pavia, PAvia, Italy,

    * Lectured on “Oral History and Tourism” for the European sponsored Master of Arts in Peace Tourism (MAPT Program) which is being administered by the Institute of Hotel Management and Tourism, Bethlehem University, 15 June 2005.

    Brigham Young University / Jerusalem Center, lecturer, Contemporary History of the Near East, Spring 2007, Summer 2007, Fall 2007, Winter 2008, Spring 2008, Summer 2008, Fall, 2008, Winter 2009, Spring/Summer 2009.

    Jerusalem University College (American Institute of Holy Land Studies), Jerusalem, Lecturer, Islamic thought and practice, Spring 1988 (January – May), Spring 1989, Spring 2001, Spring 2004, Spring 2006, tutorial - Fall 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009.

    Bethlehem Bible College, Bethlehem, Tour Guide’s Program, lecturer, Palestinian Society and Culture and the Palestinian Problem, Spring Semesters 2001, 2002, 2009 (Feb. – May).

    Melkite Catholic Seminary, Beit Sahur, West Bank, Lecturer, History and Philosophy, 1988 - 1991, 1993 - 1994.

    Coordinator, Palestinian Studies for Wesleyan University program for Bethlehem, Spring 1990-1992.

    Latin Seminary, Beit Jala, West Bank, Lecturer, Cultural Studies,  1985-1986. 

    University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, Mi)

      a) Teaching Fellow, beginning Modern Standard Arabic   1979- 1981

                           for non-native speakers (part-time).                           1982-1983   

      b) Assistant librarian, Arabic Language     1978-1981

      cataloguing, Graduate Library (part-time)     1982-1983

    Saint Leo College (Florida) Extension, Norfolk,

      Virginia, Lecturer, History      1977

U.S. Navy (Mayport, Norfolk and Detroit)    1975 – 1980

    Chrysler Corporation (assembly line) (full-time)

      a) Sterling Heights, Michigan    1977-1978


      b) Indianapolis, Indiana    Summers1965,1966 

* Full-time/ Maintenance Department

      Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana    1969-1974 

16.  References in the United States 

* Professor Raji Rammuny
      Department of Near Eastern Studies
      University of Michigan
      2068 Frieze, Ann Arbor, Mich. 48107
      e-mail: raram@umich.edu 

* Professor Trevor Le Gassick
          Department of Near Eastern Studies
          University of Michigan

2068 Frieze
         Ann Arbor, Mich, 48107

* Professor David Weaver
      School of Journalism
      Indiana University
      Bloomington, Indiana 47401
      e-mail: weaver@indiana.edu 

*           Professor  Paul Wright
             Jerusalem University College
             P.O. Box 1276
             91012 Jerusalem
              e-mail :

* Professor Ray Huntington
      Brigham Young University
      Provo, Utah
      e-mail: rlhuntington@gmail.com 

* Professor S. Kent Brown
      Brigham Young University
      Jerusalem Center for Near Eastern Studies
      e-mail: skb@byu.edu 

* John A. Eilts
      Curator for Middle East Collections
      Stanford University Libraries
      1231 Green Library
      Stanford, Cal. 94305-6004
      Fax (1)650-723-9348
      e-mail: jeilts@stanford.edu  

* Professor Yoav Elinevsky
      P.O. Box 2091
      Amherst, MA 01104
      e-mail: yelinevsky@mwcc.edu 

* Philip H. Taylor
      Attorney at Law
      443 Panarea Dr.
      Punta Gorda, Florida, 33950 
      Tel. (941)-639-2567
      e-mail: taylorlawfirmpl@comcast.net 

* Mr. Denny Fisher
      7525 Red Fox Ct.
      Littleton, Colorado 80125
      e-mail: FBP1234@aol.com 

References at Bethlehem University & Others 
1) Rev. Dr. Munib Younan
          Evangelical Lutheran Church Bishop in Jordan and The Holy Land
          Muristan Rd.
          P.O. Box 14076
         Jerusalem 91140

2) Fr. Dr. Jamal Khader
      Dean of The Faculty of Arts
      P.O. Box 9
      Bethlehem, The West Bank, P.A.
      Fax: 972-2-274-4440
      e-mail: jkhader@bethlehem.edu 

3) Dr. Joseph Zaknoun
      Director, The Cardinal Martini
      Leadership Institute at Bethlehem University
      P.O. Box 9
      Bethlehem, The West Bank, P.A.
      Fax: 972-2-274-4440
      e-mail: Yousefz@bethlehem.edu 

4) Fr. Peter Dubrul
      Dept. of Religious Studies
      Bethlehem University
      P.O. Box 9
      Bethlehem, The West Bank, P.A.
      Fax: 972-2-274-4440
      e-mail: Peterd@bethlehem.edu 

5) Dr. Bernard Sabella
      P.O. Box 19845
      Phone: 972-2-585-6859 / 6271715
      Fax: 972-2-274-4440
      e-mail: dspr@netvision.net.il 

6) Dr. Geries S. Khoury
      Al-Liqa’ Center
      P.O. Box 11328
      Fax. 972-2-275-0133
      Phone 972-2-275-0134 / 274-1639
      e-mail: geriesskhoury@hotmail.com